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J Nutr. 2006 Mar;136(3 Suppl):800S-802S. doi: 10.1093/jn/136.3.800S.

Including garlic in the diet may help lower blood glucose, cholesterol, and triglycerides.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, 13060 Safat, Kuwait.


Raw and boiled aqueous extracts of garlic (Allium sativum) were administered daily to normal rats both orally and intraperitoneally for 4 wk. The serum levels of glucose, cholesterol, and triglycerides were measured. When the rats were treated with a low dose (50 mg/kg) of raw aqueous extract of garlic, no significant changes in the serum glucose levels were observed compared with the control group. However, there was a significant reduction in the cholesterol level of rats receiving a low dose of garlic (11-14%). Rats receiving garlic orally and intraperitoneally also showed a significant reduction in triglyceride levels (38%). When the rats were treated with a high dose (500 mg/kg) of raw garlic, glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels were significantly affected. When boiled garlic extracts were administered at high concentrations (500 mg/kg), there was no effect on the level of serum glucose. However, a relatively small but significant decrease in the concentration of cholesterol and triglycerides was observed in the serum of the rats receiving boiled garlic. Raw garlic had a profound effect in reducing the glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, whereas boiled garlic had little effect in controlling these parameters. Therefore because hyperlipidemia is a major etiopathological factor for atherosclerosis, garlic may play an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis.

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