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EMBO J. 2006 Mar 8;25(5):932-42. Epub 2006 Feb 16.

Ubiquitylation of leptin receptor OB-Ra regulates its clathrin-mediated endocytosis.

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Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Propre de Recherche 2511, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille Cedex, France.


Leptin receptors are constitutively endocytosed in a ligand-independent manner. To study their endocytosis, leptin receptors OB-Ra and OB-Rb were expressed in HeLa cells. Both receptor isoforms were ubiquitylated, internalized by clathrin-mediated endocytosis and transported to Hrs-positive endosomes after their internalization. Proteasome inhibitors inhibited OB-Ra but not OB-Rb internalization from the cell surface. OB-Ra ubiquitylation occurred on lysine residues K877 and K889 in the cytoplasmic tail, the mutation of which abolished OB-Ra internalization. Fusion of an ubiquitin molecule at the C-terminus of an OB-Ra construct defective both in ubiquitylation and endocytosis restored clathrin-dependent endocytosis of the receptor. The internalization of this constitutively mono-ubiquitylated construct was no longer sensitive to proteasome inhibitors, which inhibited OB-Ra endocytosis by blocking its ubiquitylation. Fusion of an ubiquitin molecule to a transferrin receptor deleted from its own endocytosis motif restored clathrin-mediated endocytosis. We propose that mono-ubiquitin conjugates act as internalization motifs for clathrin-dependent endocytosis of leptin receptor OB-Ra.

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