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Leukemia. 2006 Apr;20(4):707-14.

Reduced intensity conditioning allows for up-front allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after cytoreductive induction therapy in newly-diagnosed high-risk acute myeloid leukemia.

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1
Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, Dresden, Germany. Uwe.Platzbecker@uniklinikum-dresden.de

Abstract

There is substantial need to improve the outcome of patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The clinical trial reported here investigated a new approach of up-front allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), provided a median of 40 days (range 22-74) after diagnosis, in twenty-six consecutive patients with newly-diagnosed high-risk AML characterized by poor-risk cytogenetics (n = 19) or inadequate blast clearance by induction chemotherapy (IC, n = 7). The median age was 49 years (range 17-68). During IC-induced aplasia after the 1st (n = 11) or 2nd (n = 15) cycle, patients received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) from related (n = 11) or unrelated (n = 15) donors following a fludarabine-based reduced-intensity regimen. Seventeen patients were not in remission before HSCT with a median marrow blast count of 34% (range 6-70). All patients achieved rapid engraftment and went into remission with complete myeloid and lymphatic chimerism. Grades II to IV acute GvHD occurred in 14 (56%) and extensive chronic GvHD was documented in 8 (35%) patients. The probability of disease-free survival was 61% with only three patients relapsing 5, 6 and 7 months after transplantation, respectively. Up-front allogeneic HSCT as part of primary induction therapy seems to be an effective strategy in high-risk AML patients and warrants further investigation.

PMID:
16482208
DOI:
10.1038/sj.leu.2404143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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