Send to

Choose Destination
Lab Invest. 2006 Apr;86(4):345-56.

Identification by phage display of single-domain antibody fragments specific for the ODD domain in hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha.

Author information

Department of Pathology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Hypoxia triggers the transcription of genes responsible for cell survival via the key player transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha). Overexpression of this protein has been implicated in cardiovascular disorders, carcinogenesis and cancer progression. For functional and diagnostic studies on the HIF-1alpha protein, we have identified single-domain antibody fragments directed against this protein by using a llama-derived nonimmune phage display library. This library displays the variable domains of the heavy-chain antibody subclass, found in these animals. Phage display selection with six recombinant HIF-1alpha proteins yielded five different antibody fragments. By epitope-mapping, we show that all five antibody fragments bind within the functionally important oxygen-dependent degradation domain of the HIF-1alpha protein. Two of these antibody fragments were engineered into bivalent antibodies that were able to detect human HIF-1alpha by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting and immunoprecipitation, and mouse HIF-1alpha by immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation. These are the first single-domain antibody fragments that may be used in exploration of HIF-1alpha as a possible therapeutic target through molecular applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center