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Invest Radiol. 2006 Mar;41(3):213-21.

Relaxivity of Gadopentetate Dimeglumine (Magnevist), Gadobutrol (Gadovist), and Gadobenate Dimeglumine (MultiHance) in human blood plasma at 0.2, 1.5, and 3 Tesla.

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Section on Experimental Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Erratum in

  • Invest Radiol. 2006 Dec;41(12):859.



We sought to determine the relaxivity and accurate relaxation rates of Gd-DTPA, Gd-BT-DO3A, and Gd-BOPTA at 0.2, 1.5, and 3 T in human blood plasma.


Contrast media concentrations between 0.01 and 16 mM in human plasma were used for relaxation measurements. The R1 and R2 relaxation rates and r1 and r2 relaxivities were determined.


Gd-BOPTA produced the highest relaxation rates and relaxivities at all field strengths. The r1 and r2 values for Gd-BOPTA were 107-131% and 91-244% higher than for Gd-DTPA, respectively, and 72-98% and 82-166% higher than for Gd-BT-DO3A. Higher field strengths resulted in lower values of R1, R2, and r1 for all contrast agents tested and of r2 for Gd-DTPA and Gd-BT-DO3A. A linear dependence of R1 and R2 on concentration was found for Gd-DTPA and Gd-BT-DO3A and a nonlinear dependence for Gd-BOPTA for concentrations larger than 1 mM. The r1 and r2 relaxivity of Gd-BOPTA increased with decreasing concentration.


Gd-BOPTA demonstrates the highest longitudinal r1 at all field strengths, which is ascribable to weak protein interaction. The R2/R1 ratio increases at higher field strength only for Gd-BOPTA, hence very short echo times are required for Gd-BOPTA to benefit from the higher longitudinal relaxivity.

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