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Mol Pharmacol. 2006 May;69(5):1733-9. Epub 2006 Feb 15.

Flubendiamide, a novel Ca2+ channel modulator, reveals evidence for functional cooperation between Ca2+ pumps and Ca2+ release.

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Research Division, Nihon Nohyaku Co., Ltd., 345 Oyamada-cho, Kawachi-Nagano, Osaka, Japan.


Flubendiamide, developed by Nihon Nohyaku Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan), is a novel activator of ryanodine-sensitive calcium release channels (ryanodine receptors; RyRs), and is known to stabilize insect RyRs in an open state in a species-specific manner and to desensitize the calcium dependence of channel activity. In this study, using flubendiamide as an experimental tool, we examined an impact of functional modulation of RyR on Ca2+ pump. Strikingly, flubendiamide induced a 4-fold stimulation of the Ca2+ pump activity (EC50=11 nM) of an insect that resequesters Ca2+ to intracellular stores, a greater increase than with the classical RyR modulators ryanodine and caffeine. This prominent stimulation, which implies tight functional coupling of Ca2+ release with Ca2+ pump, resulted in a marginal net increase in the extravesicular calcium concentration despite robust Ca2+ release from the intracellular stores by flubendiamide. Further analysis suggested that luminal Ca2+ is an important mediator for the functional coordination of RyRs and Ca2+ pumps. However, kinetic factors for Ca2+ pumps, including ATP and cytoplasmic Ca2+, failed to affect the Ca2+ pump stimulation by flubendiamide. We therefore conclude that the stimulation of Ca2+ pump by flubendiamide is mediated by the decrease in luminal calcium, which may induce calcium dissociation from the luminal Ca2+ binding site on the Ca2+ pump. This mechanism should play an essential role in precise control of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis.

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