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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2006 Apr 15;110(3-4):363-7. Epub 2006 Feb 9.

A monoclonal antibody to equine interleukin-4.

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Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is secreted by T helper type 2 cells, mast cells, basophils and eosinophils. Detection of IL-4 can contribute the evaluation of cellular immune responses during infectious diseases, immunological disorders or vaccination. We used recombinant equine IL-4 to generate a monoclonal antibody (mAb) to equine IL-4. The mAb detected recombinant IL-4 in mammalian cells transfected with different plasmids containing IL-4 cDNA. After mitogen stimulation of equine peripheral blood mononuclear cells, an intracellular protein was recognized by the new mAb in 1-2% of lymphocytes using flow cytometric analysis. In the presence of the secretion blocker Brefeldin A, the protein accumulated and was detected in 4-8% of lymphocytes stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and ionomycin. Double staining with the new mAb and T-cell or B-cell markers identified a subpopulation of CD4+ T-cells expressing the protein recognized by the mAb. In addition, the protein was detectable in cell culture supernatants of mitogen stimulated cells by ELISA when using the new mAb for coating of the plates and a polyclonal antiserum to equine IL-4 for detection. In conclusion, the new mAb detects equine IL-4 and can be used for intracellular staining and ELISA to measure this important cytokine.

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