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Exp Cell Res. 2006 Apr 15;312(7):1119-26. Epub 2006 Feb 9.

Formin-1 protein associates with microtubules through a peptide domain encoded by exon-2.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur-NRB 355, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

Formin family proteins coordinate actin filaments and microtubules. The mechanisms by which formins bind and regulate the actin cytoskeleton have recently been well defined. However, the molecular mechanism by which formins coordinate actin filaments and microtubules remains poorly understood. We demonstrate here that Isoform-Ib of the Formin-1 protein (Fmn1-Ib) binds to microtubules via a protein domain that is physically separated from the known actin-binding domains. When expressed at low levels in NIH3T3 fibroblasts, Fmn1-Ib protein localizes to cytoplasmic filaments that nocodazole disruption confirmed as interphase microtubules. A series of progressive mutants of Fmn1-Ib demonstrated that deletion of exon-2 caused dissociation from microtubules and a stronger association with actin membrane ruffles. The exon-2-encoded peptide binds purified tubulin in vitro and is also sufficient to localize GFP to microtubules. Exon-2 does not contain any known formin homology domains. Deletion of exon 5, 7, 8, the FH1 domain or FH2 domain did not affect microtubule binding. Thus, our results indicate that exon-2 of Fmn1-Ib encodes a novel microtubule-binding peptide. Since formin proteins associate with actin filaments through the FH1 and FH2 domains, binding to interphase microtubules through this exon-2-encoded domain provides a novel mechanism by which Fmn1-Ib could coordinate actin filaments and microtubules.

PMID:
16480715
DOI:
10.1016/j.yexcr.2005.12.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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