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J Anim Sci. 2006 Mar;84(3):526-37.

Effects of quantitative trait loci on chromosomes 1, 2, 4, and 7 on growth, carcass, and meat quality traits in backcross Meishan x Large White pigs.

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Station de Génétique Quantitative et Appliquée, INRA, 78352 Jouy-en-Josas Cedex, France.


The aim of this work was to estimate whether genetic dissection of QTL on chromosomes 1, 2, 4, and 7, detected in an F2 Meishan x Large White population, can be achieved with a recombinant back-cross progeny test approach. For this purpose, a first generation of backcross (BC1) was produced by using frozen semen of F1 Large White x Meishan boars with Large White females. Four BC1 boars were selected because of their heterozygosity for at least 1 of the 4 regions. The BC1 boars were crossed with Large White sows, and the resulting BC2 offspring were measured for several growth and body composition traits. Contrary to the F2 animals, BC2 animals were also measured for meat quality traits in adductor, gluteus superficialis (GS), longissimus dorsi, and biceps femoris (BF) muscles. Each BC1 boar was tested for a total of 39 traits and for the 4 regions with statistical interval mapping analyses. The QTL effects obtained in BC1 families showed some differences compared with those described in F1 families. However, we confirmed QTL effects for growth in the SW1301-SW2512 markers interval on chromosome 1 and also for body composition in the SW1828-SW2512 markers interval on chromosome 1, in the SW2443-SWR783 markers interval on chromosome 2, and in the SW1369-SW632 markers interval on chromosome 7. In addition, we detected new QTL for growth traits on chromosome 2 and for meat quality traits on chromosomes 1 and 2. Growth of animals from weaning to the end of the test was influenced by the IGF2 gene region on chromosome 2. Concerning meat quality, ultimate pH of adductor, longissimus dorsi, and BF were affected by the interval delimited by UMNP3000 and SW2512 markers on chromosome 1, and a* of GS, L* of BF, and water-holding capacity of GS were affected by QTL located between marker loci SW2443 and SWR783 on chromosome 2. Recombinant progeny testing appeared to be a suitable strategy for the genetic dissection of the QTL investigated.

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