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Dev Psychopathol. 2006 Winter;18(1):17-34.

Infant and maternal behavior moderate reactivity to novelty to predict anxious behavior at 2.5 years.

Author information

1
Psychology Department, Dewey Hall, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. susan.crockenberg@uvm.edu

Abstract

The degree to which infant regulatory behaviors, together with infant reactivity to novelty, predicted anxious behavior at 2.5 years, and the moderating effect of maternal behavior were tested. Sixty-four low-risk mothers and infants participated. Mothers rated infant negative reactivity and anxious behavior; infant and maternal behaviors were observed at 6 months postpartum. Based on results of hierarchical, multiple regressions, infant regulatory behaviors (i.e., attention control, withdrawal) moderated associations between reactivity to novelty and later anxious behavior, but predictions depended also on maternal behavior. High reactivity to novelty, in conjunction with withdrawal and with poor attention control, predicted anxious behavior only when mothers were less engaged or less sensitive, suggesting that maternal behavior alters developmental trajectories associated with infant temperament.

PMID:
16478550
DOI:
10.1017/S0954579406060020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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