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Anal Chem. 2006 Feb 15;78(4):1146-57.

Comprehensive analysis of the substituent distribution in the glucosyl units and along the polymer chain of hydroxyethylmethyl celluloses and statistical evaluation.

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  • 1TU Braunschweig, Institut für Lebensmittelchemie, Schleinitzstrasse 20, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany.

Abstract

Hydroxyethylmethyl celluloses (HEMC, DS(Me) 1.46-1.66, DS(HE) = 0.14-0.17) have been analyzed with respect to their methyl and hydroxyethyl pattern in the glucosyl units and along the polymer chain. Methyl groups were located by GLC/MS after direct hydrolysis, reduction, and acetylation, and the distribution of hydroxyethyl residues in the glucosyl units could be determined with enhanced sensitivity after permethylation to unify a certain HE pattern occurring in combination with various methyl patterns in a single peak. To get insight into the distribution of Me and HE along the cellulose chain, a method was developed which overcomes the strong discrimination of relative ion intensities caused by hydroxyalkyl groups and enables quantitative determination of the oligomer composition after random degradation for the first time. This comprises perdeuteriomethylation; partial acid hydrolysis; reductive amination with propylamine; and, finally, permethylation to yield completely O- and N-alkylated, permanently charged oligosaccharides. Although the methyl pattern can be determined by electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry (ESI-IT-MS) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), as well, only MALDI-TOF-MS produced representative data for a quantitative evaluation of the HE pattern. Distribution of HE groups matches with a random distribution calculated from the monomer composition, whereas the methyl pattern was heterogeneous to a different extent.

PMID:
16478106
DOI:
10.1021/ac051484q
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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