Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2006 Apr;41(4):357-63.

Lung inflammation in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome: effects of ventilation with different tidal volumes.

Author information

1
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Vittore Buzzi Children's Hospital, Milan, Italy. intensivist@tiscali.it

Abstract

Ventilation with an inappropriate tidal volume (Vt) triggers lung inflammation, an important predisposing factor of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. It still remains uncertain what the appropriate starting target Vt should be during the acute phase of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Our aim was to evaluate lung inflammation in preterm infants undergoing synchronized intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (SIPPV) with two different tidal volumes Vt during the acute phase of RDS. Thirty preterm infants (gestational age, 25-32 weeks) with acute RDS were randomly assigned to be ventilated with Vt = 5 ml/kg (n = 15) or Vt = 3 ml/kg (n = 15). Proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha) were determined in the tracheal aspirate on days 1, 3, and 7 of life. IL-8 and TNF-alpha levels collected on day 7 were significantly higher (P < 0.05), and mechanical ventilation lasted longer in the group with Vt = 3 ml/kg (16.8 +/- 4 vs. 9.2 +/- 4 days; P = 0.05). In conclusion, our data show significantly higher lung inflammation in preterm infants ventilated with Vt = 3 ml/kg, suggesting a role for Vt = 5 ml/kg in reducing both inflammatory response during the acute phase of RDS and the length of ventilation. Whether the use of this starting Vt prevents bronchopulmonary dysplasia requires further study.

PMID:
16477653
DOI:
10.1002/ppul.20363
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center