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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Jun 28;177(3):1013-8.

The two isotypes of the human insulin receptor (HIR-A and HIR-B) follow different internalization kinetics.

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Institut für Diabetesforschung, München, Germany.


Human insulin receptor (HIR) is expressed in two isoforms which differ in the C-terminal end of the alpha-subunit (HIR-A = -12 aa, HIR-B = +12 aa). We studied internalization kinetics of HIR-A and HIR-B in Rat1 fibroblasts. Internalized receptors were quantified by 125I-insulin binding after cell trypsinisation and solubilization, surface receptors were determined by 125I-insulin binding to intact cells and by chemical crosslinking with B26-125I-insulin. HIR-A and HIR-B show different kinetics of receptor internalization. While in HIR-A cells the maximum of internalization (approx. 65% of total) is reached after 10 min followed by a high recycling rate (approx. 80% of internalized receptors after 20 min), the internalization in HIR-B cells reaches a maximum (approx. 60% of total) after 15 min without detectable recycling within 30 min. The data show that the different alpha-subunits of both receptor types determine different velocities of internalization and determine whether a fast recycling occurs.

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