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Brain Res. 2006 Mar 3;1076(1):177-86. Epub 2006 Feb 13.

Visual spatial integrity in the absence of splenium.

Author information

1
Research Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. behrad@ipm.ir

Abstract

Several lines of evidence have confirmed that visual integrity among the two hemifields is severely impaired following transection of posterior part of the corpus callosum (splenium). But the extent of this impairment differs for various visual functions. Here, in a posterior callosectomized patient (MD), interhemispheric visual spatial integrity is investigated in three experiments. In the first experiment, MD was asked to make decision about horizontal alignment of two balls presented simultaneously in one of three conditions: both in right or left hemifield, or each in one hemifield. We have previously shown that she is not able to perform a shape-matching task for stimuli presented to different hemifields. But in this task, MD was able to compare location of the two bilaterally presented stimuli significantly above chance level. Then we investigated whether attentive visual object tracking across vertical meridian of the visual field is possible in the absence of splenium. MD had to attentively track one bouncing ball among three identical balls, while it crossed the vertical midline in half of trials. Her performance in crossed conditions was significantly above chance level, but it was lower than uncrossed conditions. Finally, we investigated the contribution of simple interhemispheric temporal signals in performing the attentive tracking task. Results suggest that the patient was not using such temporal signals. Our results suggest that interhemispheric connections other than splenium can contribute in making an integral visual map across hemifields. Such an integrated map can be used for bilateral visual spatial comparisons and visual spatial attention.

PMID:
16476417
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2006.01.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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