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Anal Biochem. 2006 Mar 15;350(2):171-6. Epub 2006 Jan 31.

Reproducibility of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry measurements of 2H labeling of water: application for measuring body composition in mice.

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Department of Environmental Science and Biology, State University of New York at Brockport, Brockport, NY 14420, USA.


Deuterium-labeled water (2H2O) has emerged as a novel isotope tracer. Following the administration of 2H2O, it is possible to study the dynamics of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and DNA and to determine body composition. Those studies require reliable measurements of the 2H labeling of water. Although simple gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) methods have been developed for measuring the 2H enrichment of biological fluids, investigators have not reported on the intra- and/or interdaily variability of the measurements. We have experimentally examined the reproducibility of one GC-MS method for measuring the 2H labeling of water. Briefly, hydrogen (deuterium) atoms in water were exchanged with those bound to acetone, and the 2H labeling of acetone was then determined under electron impact ionization. We found that the coefficient of variation is generally less than 0.5% when water is labeled between 0 and 2.8 mole percentage excess 2H. We demonstrated that this highly reproducible result allows one to use 2H2O and the "acetone method" to measure physiological parameters such as body composition in mice.

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