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Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2006 Jan;3(1):45-53.

The management of interstitial cystitis: an update.

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Section of Urology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8041, USA.


Treating interstitial cystitis (IC) is one of the greatest challenges facing physicians and other health care providers who manage patients with this condition. The symptoms of urinary frequency and urgency, dysuria, and chronic pelvic pain characterize IC, but it is the debilitating pelvic pain associated with IC that is most difficult to control. The pathophysiology of IC pain is poorly understood, but is thought to be a complex entity including nociceptive, visceral, and neuropathic components. There are currently no universally effective therapies available. Oral treatments, however, are frequently used, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tricyclic antidepressants, gabapentin, and pentosan polysulfate, all of which have shown varying degrees of efficacy. Recognition that IC pain is multifactorial, and probably has a neuropathic component, has led to the use of some of these agents, previously prescribed for other neurologic conditions associated with chronic pain. Intravesical and surgical options are also available, which expands the armamentarium for those who treat pain secondary to IC. Treating IC requires managing all of the symptoms of this disease. This review aims to cover standard and novel treatment options, while concentrating on the management of pain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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