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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1991 Feb;27(2):171-6.

Antimicrobial activity of rifabutin in combination with two and three other antimicrobial agents against strains of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis.

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Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903.


The inhibitory and bactericidal, synergistic, and antagonistic activities of rifabutin combined with ciprofloxacin, ethambutol, clofazimine, cefazolin, and amikacin in dual and triple combinations against various human and animal isolates of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis were determined. Synergism was observed when rifabutin was combined with either cefazolin or clofazimine in double combinations. The greatest amount of synergy occurred with the rifabutin-cefazolin combination in which bactericidal synergism was present with all strains. Of the triple combinations examined, only rifabutin in combination with ethambutol and cefazolin or streptomycin and cefazolin showed bactericidal synergism against most of the strains. Although antagonism was not observed in any double combination with rifabutin, antagonism was shown with several of the triple combinations. The rifabutin-cefazolin and rifabutin-streptomycin-cefazolin combinations were found to have the greatest bactericidal synergism at concentrations well within achievable serum and tissue levels and may be appropriate choices for chemotherapeutic use.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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