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Antiviral Res. 2006 Jun;70(2):66-74. Epub 2006 Jan 25.

In vitro selection of mutations in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase that confer resistance to capravirine, a novel nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor.

Author information

1
Shionogi Research Laboratories, Shionogi & Co., Ltd, Osaka 553-0002, Japan.

Abstract

Capravirine (CPV; formerly AG1549 and S-1153) is a novel, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) that has demonstrated potent in vitro antiviral activity against several HIV-1 laboratory strains and clinical isolates with EC50 values ranging from 0.7 to 10.3 nM. In this study, we evaluated the resistance and cross-resistance profiles of CPV through selection of resistant HIV-1 variants from in vitro serial passage of HIV-1 NL4-3 and HIV-1 IIIB and by performing susceptibility assays on HIV-1 variants constructed to contain CPV-specific amino acid substitutions in reverse transcriptase (RT). Results demonstrate that HIV-1 variants selected at increasing CPV concentrations contained multiple substitutions in diverse patterns including L100I, Y181C, G190E and/or L234I in various combinations with K101R/E, K103T, V106A/I, V108I, E138K, T139K, A158T, V179D/I/G, Y188D, V189I, G190A, F227C, W229R, L234F, M230I/L and P236H/T. Interestingly, HIV-1 variants constructed to contain the T215Y zidovudine (AZT)-resistance associated substitution with CPV-resistance associated substitutions V106A, Y181C, F227C, F227L, L234I or V106A/F227L demonstrated 2.4-5.4-fold increased susceptibility to CPV. Results also demonstrate that the CPV-resistance associated substitutions Y181C, F227C, F227L and L234I reverse the phenotypic resistance to AZT conferred by the T215Y substitution.

PMID:
16472877
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2006.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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