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Theriogenology. 2006 Oct;66(6-7):1633-6. Epub 2006 Feb 10.

Freezing of epididymal spermatozoa from dogs after cool storage for 2 or 4 days.

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Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.


An experiment was conducted to investigate the freezing ability of canine epididymal spermatozoa after cool storage at 5 degrees C for 2 or 4 days. Spermatozoa were collected from the caudae epididymidis from 16 dogs. Total motility, plasma membrane integrity and acrosome integrity were evaluated immediately on harvesting, and after 2 and 4 days of storage at 5 degrees C, and at 0 and 2 h post-thaw at 37 degrees C. Sperm motility decreased significantly during cold storage, compared to freshly harvested spermatozoa (P < 0.001). Although there was no significant effect of pre-freeze storage time on post-thaw motility, there was a tendency towards decreased motility in spermatozoa that had been stored for 4 days, compared to spermatozoa that were frozen immediately after collection (P = 0.09). The number of post-thaw spermatozoa with an intact plasma membrane was decreased in spermatozoa cold-stored for 4 days (P < 0.001). There was no significant effect of pre-freeze storage time on the acrosomal status of post-thaw spermatozoa. In conclusion, canine epididymal spermatozoa were stored at 5 degrees C for up to 4 days without a clear detrimental effect on post-thaw motility and acrosome integrity, but storage may have decreased post-thaw motility. Results were, however, generally low.

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