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Head Neck. 2006 Jul;28(7):639-48.

Matrix metalloproteases in head and neck cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, BDB Suite 563, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-0012, USA. oto@uab.edu

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are a collection of enzymes capable of cleaving extracellular matrix components, growth factors, and cell-surface receptors. MMPs modulate most aspects of tumorigenesis and are highly expressed in cancer compared with normal tissues. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) express high levels of MMPs in vivo and that inhibition of these enzymes in vitro and in mouse models decreases invasion and metastasis. However, the clinical trials for MMP inhibitors have failed to demonstrate a significant survival advantage in most cancers. The disparity between preclinical and clinical studies has led to the reevaluation of how MMP functions in cancer and the design of clinical trials for molecularly targeted agents. Mouse model data and analysis of HNSCC tumor specimens suggests that membrane type-1 MMP (MT1-MMP) may be a critical enzyme in tumor cell invasion and survival in vivo. This accumulated data provide evidence for development of selective MT1-MMP inhibitors as therapy in HNSCC.

PMID:
16470875
PMCID:
PMC2873217
DOI:
10.1002/hed.20365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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