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J Hepatol. 2006 Apr;44(4):784-90. Epub 2005 Dec 20.

Antioxidants versus corticosteroids in the treatment of severe alcoholic hepatitis--a randomised clinical trial.

Author information

1
Institute of Liver Studies, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RS, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Severe alcoholic hepatitis is associated with high morbidity and short-term mortality. Corticosteroids are the only widely used therapy but established contraindications to treatment or the risk of serious side-effects limit their use. The perceived need for alternative treatments together with the theoretical benefits of anti-oxidant therapy triggered the design of a randomised clinical trial comparing these treatment modalities.

METHODS:

One hundred and one patients were randomized into a clinical trial of corticosteroids or a novel antioxidant cocktail with a primary endpoint of 30-day mortality.

RESULTS:

At 30 days there were 16 deaths (30%) in the corticosteroid treated group compared with 22 deaths (46%) in the antioxidant treated group (P=0.05). The odds of dying by 30 days were 2.4 greater for patients on antioxidants (95% confidence interval 1.0-5.6). A diagnosis of sepsis was made more frequently in the AO group (P=0.05), although microbiologically proven episodes of infection occurred more often in the CS group (P<0.01). The survival advantage for corticosteroid treated patients was lost at 1 year of follow-up (P=0.43).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study has shown that corticosteroids in the form of prednisolone 30 mg daily are superior to a broad antioxidant cocktail in the treatment of severe alcoholic hepatitis.

PMID:
16469404
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2005.11.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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