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Obes Surg. 2006 Feb;16(2):166-71.

Does gastric dilatation limit the success of sleeve gastrectomy as a sole operation for morbid obesity?

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Department of Surgery, Division of General Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.



Sleeve gastrectomy as the sole bariatric operation has been reported for high-risk super-obese patients or as first-step followed by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) or duodenal switch (DS) in super-super obese patients. The efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for morbidly obese patients with a BMI of <50 kg/m2 and the incidence of gastric dilatation following LSG have not yet been investigated.


23 patients (15 morbidly obese, 8 super-obese) were studied prospectively for weight loss following LSG. The incidence of sleeve dilatation was assessed by upper GI contrast studies in patients with a follow-up of >12 months.


Patients who underwent LSG achieved a mean excess weight loss (EWL) at 6 and 12 months postoperatively of 46% and 56%, respectively. No significant differences were observed in %EWL comparing obese and super-obese patients. At a mean follow-up of 20 months, dilatation of the gastric sleeve was found in 1 patient and weight regain after initial successful weight loss in 3 of the 23 patients.


LSG has been highly effective for weight reduction for morbid obesity even as the sole bariatric operation. Gastric dilatation was found in only 1 patient in this short-term follow-up. Weight regain following LSG may require conversion to RYGBP or DS. Follow-up will be necessary to evaluate long-term results.

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