Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Dec;9(12):1373-7.

Side effects associated with the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Süreyyapaşa Centre for Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey. tulaytorun@superonline.com

Abstract

SETTING:

Süreyyapaşa Centre for Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

OBJECTIVE:

To report the frequency of treatment side effects in cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) tuberculosis.

DESIGN:

A retrospective review of the medical records of 263 patients who received individualised treatment for MDR-TB between April 1992 and June 2004.

RESULTS:

One or more side effects developed in 182 cases (69.2%). These effects led the clinicians to withdraw one or more drugs from the treatment regimen in 146 cases (55.5%). Side effects observed most frequently included: ototoxicity (41.8%), psychiatric disorders (21.3%), gastrointestinal disturbance (14.0%), arthralgia (11.4%), epileptic seizures (9.9%), hepatitis (4.5%), and dermatological effects (4.5%). At the time of analysis, treatment was successful in 204 (77.6%) cases. Fifty-nine patients (22.4%) had poor outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

Timely and aggressive management of drug side effects means that high side effect rates in MDR-TB treatment need not compromise success rates.

PMID:
16468160
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ingenta plc
Loading ...
Support Center