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Purinergic Signal. 2005 Sep;1(3):241-7.

Signaling of the Human P2Y(1) Receptor Measured by a Yeast Growth Assay with Comparisons to Assays of Phospholipase C and Calcium Mobilization in 1321N1 Human Astrocytoma Cells.

Abstract

The human P2Y(1) receptor was expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain MPY578q5, which is engineered to couple to mammalian G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and requires agonist-induced activation for growth. A range of known P2Y(1) receptor agonists were examined with the yeast growth assay system, and the results were validated by comparing with potencies in the transfected 1321N1 astrocytoma cell line, in which calcium mobilization was measured with a FLIPR (fluorescence-imaging plate reader). The data were also compared with those from phospholipase C activation and radioligand binding with the use of a newly available radioligand [H]MRS2279 (2-chloro- N-methyl-(N)-methanocarba-2'-deoxyadenosine-3',5'-bisphosphate). In the yeast growth assay, the rank order of potency of 2-MeSADP (2-methylthioadenosine 5'-diphosphate), ADP (adenosine 5'-diphosphate), and ATP (adenosine 5'-triphosphate) is the same as those in other assay systems, i.e., 2-MeSADP>ADP>ATP. The P2Y(1)-selective antagonist MRS2179 (N-methyl-2-deoxyadenosine-3',5'-bisphosphate) was shown to act as an antagonist with similar potency in all systems. The results suggest that the yeast expression system is suitable for screening P2Y(1) receptor ligands, both agonists and antagonists. The yeast system should be useful for random mutagenesis of GPCRs to identify mutants with certain properties, such as selective potency enhancement for small synthetic molecules and constitutive activity.

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