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Eukaryot Cell. 2006 Feb;5(2):391-9.

Multifarious transcriptional regulation of adhesion protein gene ap65-1 by a novel Myb1 protein in the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.


The transcription efficiency of an adhesion protein gene, ap65-1, in Trichomonas vaginalis varies with changes in the iron supply and with the growth stage. In the present study, two Myb recognition elements, MRE-1/MRE-2r and MRE-2f, were found to play antagonistic roles in regulating the iron-inducible activity of an ap65-1 reporter gene. Intriguingly, either of these elements was shown to be sufficient to repress basal activity, but together they were also shown to activate growth-related activity of the reporter gene in iron-depleted cells. A myb1 gene which encodes a 24-kDa protein containing a Myb-like R2R3 DNA binding domain was identified from Southwestern screening of MRE-2f-binding proteins. The Myb1 protein was detected as a major 35-kDa protein which exhibited variations in nuclear concentration with changes in the iron supply. A recombinant Myb1 protein was shown to differentially interact with MRE-1/MRE-2r and MRE-2f in vitro. Overexpression of hemagglutinin-tagged Myb1 in T. vaginalis resulted in repression or activation of ap65-1 transcription in iron-depleted cells at an early and a late stage of cell growth, respectively, while iron-inducible ap65-1 transcription was constitutively repressed. The hemagglutinin-tagged Myb1 protein was found to constantly occupy the chromosomal ap65-1 promoter at a proximal site, but it also selected two more distal sites only at the late growth stage. Together, these observations suggest that Myb1 critically regulates multifarious ap65-1 transcription, possibly via differential selection of multiple promoter sites upon environmental changes.

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