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Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2006 Mar;20(1):14-23.

Neuroimaging patterns associated with motor control in traumatic brain injury.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany. martin.lotze@uni-tuebingen.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and motor deficits show differences in functional activation maps during repetitive hand movements relative to healthy controls. Are there predictors for motor outcome in the functional maps of these patients?

METHODS:

In an exploratory cross-sectional study, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to study the blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) response in cortical motor areas of 34 patients suffering from moderate motor deficits after TBI as they performed unilateral fist-clenching motions. Twelve of these patients with unilateral motor deficits were studied 3 months after TBI and a 2nd time approximately 4 months later.

RESULTS:

Compared to age-matched, healthy controls performing the same task, TBI patients showed diminished fMRI-signal change in the primary sensorimotor cortex contralateral to the moving hand (cSM1), the contralateral dorsal premotor cortex, and bilaterally in the supplementary motor areas (SMAs). Clinical impairment and the magnitude of the fMRI-signal change in cSM1 and SMA were negatively correlated. Patients with poor and good motor recovery showed comparable motor impairment at baseline. Only patients who evolved to "poor clinical outcome" had decreased fMRI-signal change in the cSM1 during baseline.

CONCLUSIONS:

These observations raise the hypothesis that the magnitude of the fMRI-signal change in the cSM1 region could have prognostic value in the evaluation of patients with TBI.

PMID:
16467275
DOI:
10.1177/1545968305282919
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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