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Mol Genet Metab. 2006 Mar;87(3):243-8. Epub 2006 Feb 8.

Clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in three patients with 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Chemistry and Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciduria is a rare entity and affected individuals display a range of clinical manifestations including dysmorphic features and neurodevelopmental problems in the majority of patients. Here, we present two novel patients with 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria. To our knowledge, these are the 11th and 12th cases of 3-hydroxyisobutyic aciduria reported. It is believed that a deficiency in 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase is the most likely cause of this disorder. Measurement of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase activity in fibroblasts homogenates of the two newly identified patients and a previously reported patient, however, revealed similar activities as in control fibroblasts. Since other enzymes with overlapping substrate specificity could conceal abnormal 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase activity, we cloned a candidate human cDNA for 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase (HIBADH). By heterologous expression in Escherichia coli, we showed that the product of the HIBADH gene indeed displays 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase activity. Mutation analysis of the corresponding gene in the patients suffering from 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria revealed no mutations. We conclude that HIBADH is not the causative gene in 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria.

PMID:
16466957
DOI:
10.1016/j.ymgme.2005.09.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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