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Int Psychogeriatr. 2006 Sep;18(3):415-28. Epub 2006 Feb 8.

Psychosocial effects of age-related macular degeneration.

Author information

1
Academic Department for Old Age Psychiatry, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects approximately 10% of persons aged 65-74 years and 30% of those aged 75 and older and is the major cause of blindness in old age. AMD is progressive and irreversible.

AIM:

To review the psychosocial effects of AMD.

METHOD:

OVID data bases (MEDLINE, psycINFO and CINAHL) from 1966 to 2004 were reviewed.

RESULTS:

AMD is associated with functional impairment, high rates of depression, anxiety and emotional distress and increased mortality. Risk factors for depression are not well-defined, except for the degree of functional impairment and impending or actual loss of vision in the second eye. Behavioral and self-management programs may be effective in managing depression associated with AMD, but few studies have been performed, and none using drugs or multimodal therapy.

CONCLUSION:

AMD will become even more prevalent as the population ages. Identification of risk factors for psychological consequences and of effective interventions remain to be recognized.

PMID:
16466594
DOI:
10.1017/S1041610205002905
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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