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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 May 17;1092(3):350-7.

Recent progress in characterization of protein kinase cascades for phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6.

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Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.


Ribosomal protein S6 is phosphorylated in response to mitogens by activation of one or more protein kinase cascades. Phosphorylation of S6 in vivo is catalyzed by (at least) two distinct mitogen-activated S6 kinase families distinguishable by size, the 70 kDa and 90 kDa S6 kinases. Both S6 kinases are activated by serine/threonine phosphorylation. Members of each family have been cloned. The 90 kDa S6 kinases are activated more rapidly than the 70 kDa S6 kinase, and may have other intracellular targets. The 70 kDa S6 kinase is relatively specific for 40 S ribosomal subunits. No kinase capable of activating the 70 kDa S6 kinase has been identified. Members of the 90 kDa S6 kinases are activated in vitro by 42 kDa and 44 kDa MAP kinases, which are in turn activated by mitogen-dependent activators. The pathways for mitogen-stimulated S6 phosphorylation are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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