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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 May 30;1078(1):56-62.

Mitochondrial DNA topoisomerase I from human platelets.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, Hahnemann University, Philadelphia, PA 19102.


An anucleated cell system has been used for the first time to study mitochondrial topoisomerase activity. Mitochondrial extracts from human blood platelets contained type I topoisomerase. The type I classification was based on ATP-independent activity, inhibition by ATP or camptothecin, and the lack of inhibition by novobiocin. Platelet mitochondrial topoisomerase I relaxation activity was inhibited linearly by increasing concentrations of EGTA. Topoisomerase activity greater than 90% inhibited by 175 microM EGTA was partially restored to 16 and 50% of the initial level of activity by the subsequent addition of 50 and 100 microM Ca2+, respectively. Additionally, results from studies of partially purified platelet mitochondrial topoisomerase I were consistent with the crude extract data. This work supports the hypothesis that platelet mitochondria contain a type I topoisomerase that is biochemically distinct from that previously isolated and characterized from cell nuclei.

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