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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jun 17;1058(2):256-60.

Evidence for the role of soluble cytochrome c in the dissimilatory reduction of nitrite and nitrous oxide by cells of Paracoccus denitrificans.

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Masaryk University, Department of Biochemistry, Brno, Czechoslovakia.


The role of periplasmic cytochrome c in the denitrification pathway has been investigated using a wild-type and/or a cytochrome c deficient strain of Paracoccus denitrificans. The reconstitution experiments with the isolated proteins showed that bacterial cytochrome c-550 restored the electron transport from the cytoplasmic membrane to soluble nitrite reductase (cytochrome cd1). In response to decreased aeration lasting 3 h, the HUUG25 strain synthesized nitrous-oxide reductase significantly starved of electrons from the respiratory chain and only very small amounts of soluble cytochrome c. The membrane-bound part of the respiratory chain catalyzing the reduction of soluble cytochrome c resembled an autologous region in wild-type cells kinetically and by its sensitivity to antimycin. In the periplasmic fraction obtained from anaerobically grown wild-type cells N2O caused the reoxidation of endogenous cytochrome(s) c previously reduced by N,N,N',N' tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine plus ascorbate. All these results indicate the involvement of soluble cytochrome(s) c as the electron donor(s) for the reduction of NO2- and N2O in the periplasmic space of cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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