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Oral Oncol. 2006 May;42(5):533-9. Epub 2006 Feb 7.

Carcinoma of the buccal mucosa: analysis of clinical presentation, outcome and prognostic factors.

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1
Department of Radiotherapy, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Abstract

Records of 100 consecutive cases of carcinoma of the buccal mucosa treated in our institute between January 2000 and December 2003 were analyzed for clinical presentation, patterns of care, disease-free survival (DFS) and prognostic factors. There were 75 males and 25 females. The mean age was 50 years. Ninety five gave a history of abuse of oral tobacco products. Only 20 patients were in Stage I or II. Sixty one patients had Stage IV disease. Sixty six patients were treated with radical intent while 34 were suitable only for palliative radiation. The 2-year DFS for the entire group was 47.94%. All failures occurred by 12 months. However, the 2-year DFS in radically treated patients was 76.4%. On univariate analysis, late overall stage, T3/T4 disease, node positivity and palliative treatment were significant poor prognostic factors. On multivariate analysis, T3/T4 disease and palliative treatment were independent poor prognostic factors. Early detection can improve outcomes considerably in this disease.

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