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Anim Reprod Sci. 2007 Jan;97(1-2):151-64. Epub 2006 Feb 7.

Characterization of seminal plasma proteins stabilizing the sperm viability in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).

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  • 1Department for Organismic Biology, Institute for Zoology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstrasse 34, 5020 Salzburg, Austria.


In seminal plasma of the rainbow trout 12 proteins were detected by SDS-PAGE, ranging in their molecular weight from 135 to 16 kDa. Only those proteins with a molecular weight of 65, 54, 47 and 16 kDa occurred in all investigated seminal plasma samples. The 65 and the 54 kDa protein were found in highest quantities (34-45% of the total quantified protein content) followed by the 47 and the 16 kDa protein (6-7% of the total quantified protein content). The 65 and the 48 kDa protein were glycoproteins as they stained positively with Periodic-Acid-Schiff reagent (PAS) specific for carbohydrates as well as with Coomassie Blue. The 90 and 19 kDa protein were found in 82-91% of the investigated samples, all other proteins in lower frequencies of 36-73%. Seminal plasma contained no lipoprotein as staining with Sudan black B was negative. To find out which proteins positively affected the sperm viability (defined as sperm motility which could be activated) spermatozoa were incubated in sperm motility inhibiting saline solution containing different seminal plasma protein fractions. Sperm motility which could be activated after an incubation period of 48 h was highest in those fractions which shared the 54, 47, and the 16 kDa protein. When spermatozoa were incubated in untreated seminal plasma sperm viability was still higher than in the seminal plasma protein fractions indicating that other components of the seminal plasma positively affected sperm viability, too. The possible influence of seminal plasma proteins on sperm physiology is discussed.

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