Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMC Geriatr. 2006 Feb 7;6:4.

Cross-sectional relationship between physical fitness components and functional performance in older persons living in long-term care facilities.

Author information

  • 1Department of Public Health, VU University Medical Center, EMGO-Institute, van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



The age-related deterioration of physiological capacities such as muscle strength and balance is associated with increased dependence. Understanding the contribution of physical fitness components to functional performance facilitates the development of adequate exercise interventions aiming at preservation of function and independence of older people. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness components and functional performance in older people living in long-term care facilities.


Design cross-sectional study. Subjects 226 persons living in long-term care facilities (mean age: 81.6 +/- 5.6). Outcome measures Physical fitness and functional performance were measured by performance-based tests.


Knee and elbow extension strength were significantly higher in men (difference = 44.5 and 50.0 N, respectively), whereas women were more flexible (difference sit & reach test = 7.2 cm). Functional performance was not significantly different between the genders. In men, motor coordination (eye-hand coordination) and measures of strength were the main contributors to functional performance, whereas in women flexibility (sit and reach test) and motor coordination (tandem stance and eye-hand coordination) played a major role.


The results of this study show that besides muscle strength, fitness components such as coordination and flexibility are associated with functional performance of older people living in long-term care facilities. This suggests that men and women living in long-term care facilities, differ considerably concerning the fitness factors contributing to functional performance. Women and men may, therefore, need exercise programs emphasizing different fitness aspects in order to improve functional performance.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center