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J Calif Dent Assoc. 2005 Nov;33(11):853-63.

Extraction defect assessment, classification, and management.

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Loma Linda University, School of Dentistry.


Tooth extraction is a traumatic procedure initiating a complex cascade of biochemical and histologic events that inevitably lead to a reduction of alveolar bone and soft tissue. These tissue alterations often lead to an esthetic compromise of the future implant restoration. The hard- and soft-tissue architecture surrounding the extraction defect largely dictates the course of dental implant treatment. The EDS or extraction-defect sounding classification is a novel system introduced to simplify the decision-making process when planning for dental implant therapy following tooth extraction. Dental implant treatment guidelines based on the EDS classification are discussed. A review of pretreatment evaluations necessary to prepare for esthetic implant procedures is also presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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