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Theor Appl Genet. 2006 Mar;112(5):787-96. Epub 2006 Feb 4.

Advanced backcross QTL analysis of a hard winter wheat x synthetic wheat population.

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Department of Plant Pathology, Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.


Advanced backcross quantitative trait locus (AB-QTL) analysis was used to identify QTLs for yield and yield components in a backcross population developed from a cross between hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety Karl 92 and the synthetic wheat line TA 4152-4. Phenotypic data were collected for agronomic traits including heading date, plant height, kernels per spike, kernel weight, tiller number, biomass, harvest index, test weight, grain yield, protein content, and kernel hardness on 190 BC2F(2:4) lines grown in three replications in two Kansas environments. Severity of wheat soil-borne mosaic virus (WSBMV) reaction was evaluated at one location. The population was genotyped using 151 microsatellite markers. Of the ten putative QTLs identified, seven were located on homologous group 2 and group 3 chromosomes. The favorable allele was contributed by cultivated parent Karl 92 at seven QTLs including a major one for WSBMV resistance, and by the synthetic parent at three QTLs: for grain hardness, kernels per spike, and tiller number.

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