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Anal Biochem. 1991 Feb 15;193(1):16-9.

Chelation of divalent cations by ATP, studied by titration calorimetry.

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Biochemistry Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.


Thermodynamic parameters and stoichiometry for the formation of complexes of ATP with Mg2+, Ca2+, and Sr2+ were determined by titration calorimetry. In each case, 1:1 stoichiometry was observed and complex formation was entropy driven. Binding constants for formation of complexes decreased in the order of Mg2+ greater than Ca2+ greater than Sr2+, as expected from charge density considerations. Monovalent cations hindered complex formation with Mg2+, apparently by competing with the divalent cation for complexation with ATP. Analysis of this competitive effect provided estimates of the binding constants for complexes of ATP with monovalent cations, which decreased in the order expected from charge density considerations (Li+ greater than Na+ greater than K+).

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