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Ophthalmology. 2006 Mar;113(3):497-500. Epub 2006 Feb 3.

Structured journal club as a tool to teach and assess resident competence in practice-based learning and improvement.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. andrew-lee@uiowa.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe the use of the journal club as a tool to teach and assess competency in practice-based learning (PBL) and improvement among residents in ophthalmology.

DESIGN:

Interventional case series.

PARTICIPANTS:

Ophthalmology residents.

SETTING:

Three academic ophthalmology residency programs in the United States.

METHODS:

A survey was performed of self-assessed skills in PBL among residents in ophthalmology training before and after the implementation of a structured review checklist during a traditional resident journal club. The survey had 5 domains, including (A) appraise and assimilate evidence, (B) read a journal article critically, (C) use a systematic and standardized checklist, (D) apply knowledge of study designs and statistical methods, and (E) maintain a self-documented written record of compliance. The respondents scored their ability (range, 1-5).

RESULTS:

The use of a structured journal club tool was associated with a statistically significant improvement in self-assessed ability in all 5 domains.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although validity, reliability, and long-term efficacy studies are necessary, the structured journal club is one method of teaching and assessing resident competency in PBL and improvement.

PMID:
16458971
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2005.12.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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