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Cell Biol Int. 2006 Apr;30(4):295-300. Epub 2006 Feb 7.

Induction of transforming growth factor-beta 1 on dentine pulp cells in different culture patterns.

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China Stomatology College, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.


Recent studies have documented that TGF-beta1 takes part in dental pulp tissue repair. Moreover, dental pulp cells have the potential to differentiate into odontoblast-like cells and produce reparative dentine in this process. However, the molecular mechanisms and potential interactions between TGF-beta1 and dental pulp cells are not clear due to the complexity of the pulp/dentine microenvironment. In this study, we investigated the induction of TGF-beta1 on the dental pulp cells in cell culture, tissue culture and three-dimensional culture patterns. These results demonstrated that TGF-beta1 significantly increased the proliferation of cells and activity of ALPase. Dental pulp cells cultured in the presence of TGF-beta1 formed mineralization nodules. In the organ culture, dental pulp cells treated with TGF-beta1 differentiated into odontoblast-like cells and formed a pulp-dentinal complex; and TGF-beta1 significantly induced synthesis of dentine relative proteins DSPP, DMP-1. The dental pulp cells share some characteristics of the odontoblast, such as a parallel arrangement with columnar form and a unilateral cell process. Together, these data indicate that TGF-beta1 can make dental pulp cells differentiated into odontoblast-like cells and form the pulp-dentinal complex. Moreover, these results suggest that TGF-beta1 is an important regulatory factor in odontoblast differentiation during tooth development and pulp repair.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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