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J Inorg Biochem. 2006 Mar;100(3):385-95. Epub 2006 Feb 2.

Synthesis, characterization and DNA-binding of novel chiral complexes delta- and lambda-[Ru(bpy)2L]2+ (L = o-mopip and p-mopip).

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School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, The Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering of Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, PR China.


Novel chiral Ru(II) complexes [Ru(bpy)2L]2+ (bpy = 2,2-bipyridine; L: o-mopip = 2-(2-methoxylphenyl)imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline, p-mopip = 2-(4-methoxylphenyl)imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) containing -OCH3 at different positions on the phenyl ring have been synthesized and characterized. The DNA-binding and DNA-photocleavage properties of the complexes were investigated. The theoretical calculations for these complexes were also carried out applying the density functional theory (DFT) method. The experimental results show that: both these two isomer complexes can bind to DNA in an intercalative mode; the DNA-binding affinity of [Ru(bpy)2(p-mopip)] 2 is greater than that of [Ru(bpy)2(o-mopip)] 1; moreover, the DNA-binding affinities of enantiomers delta-1 and delta-2 are all greater than those of lambda-1 and lambda-2, respectively. In addition, a very interesting finding is experimentally obtained, i.e. under a low [DNA]/[Ru] ratio, the emission intensities of delta-1 and lambda-1 are all weaker than those of delta-2 and lambda-2, however, upon a high [DNA]/[Ru] ratio, the emission intensities of both delta-1 and lambda-1 are stronger than those of delta-2 and lambda-2. Such a difference of the emission spectra can be interpreted by the electric effect of substituent on the intercalative ligand. The difference in DNA-binding affinities of these two isomeric complexes can also be reasonably explained by the DFT calculations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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