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J Immunol. 2006 Feb 15;176(4):2654-61.

B cells are crucial for determinant spreading of T cell autoimmunity among beta cell antigens in diabetes-prone nonobese diabetic mice.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California, Los Angeles, 90095, USA. jtian@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

The determinant spreading of T cell autoimmunity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes and in the protective mechanism of Ag-based immunotherapy in NOD mice. However, little is known about the role of APCs, particularly B cells, in the spreading of T cell autoimmunity. We studied determinant spreading in NOD/scid or Igmu(-/-) NOD mice reconstituted with NOD T and/or B cells and found that mice with mature B cells (TB NOD/scid and BMB Igmu(-/-) NOD), but not mice that lacked mature B cells (T NOD/scid and BM Igmu(-/-) NOD), spontaneously developed Th1 autoimmunity, which spread sequentially among different beta cell Ags. Immunization of T NOD/scid and BM Igmu(-/-) NOD mice with a beta cell Ag could prime Ag-specific Th1 or Th2 responses, but those T cell responses did not spread to other beta cell Ags. In contrast, immunization of TB NOD/scid and BMB Igmu(-/-) NOD mice with a beta cell Ag in IFA induced Th2 responses, which spread to other beta cell Ags. Furthermore, we found that while macrophages and dendritic cells could evoke memory and effector T cell responses in vitro, B cells significantly enhanced the detection of spontaneously primed and induced Th1 responses to beta cell Ags. Our data suggest that B cells, but not other APCs, mediate the spreading of T cell responses during the type 1 diabetes process and following Ag-based immunotherapy. Conceivably, the modulation of the capacity of B cells to present Ag may provide new interventions for enhancing Ag-based immunotherapy and controlling autoimmune diseases.

PMID:
16456028
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.176.4.2654
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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