Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 1987 May;6(5):1167-71.

Glutamine synthetase genes are regulated by ammonia provided externally or by symbiotic nitrogen fixation.

Author information

Centre for Plant Molecular Biology, Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Docteur Penfield Avenue, Montreal, Canada H3A 1B1.


Glutamine synthetase is the key enzyme in the assimilation by plants of reduced nitrogen provided from either the soil or fixed symbiotically in association with Rhizobium. We have isolated a number of cDNA clones for soybean glutamine synthetase (GS) from a nodule-cDNA library, using RNA from polysomes immunoprecipitated by GS antibodies. Transcripts corresponding to two clones differing in their 3' non-translated sequences were present in both root and nodule tissue; however, the concentration in the nodules was several times higher. The relative concentrations of these sequences in both tissues is about 9:1. Availability of ammonium ions [provided as NH(4)NO(3) or (NH(4))(2)SO(4)] enhanced the expression of both sequences in root tissue within 2 h, reaching a level similar to that in nodules by 8 h, while KNO(3) had no effect during this period. When nitrogen fixation was prevented by replacing nitrogen with argon in the root environment or when the nodules were formed by a Fix mutant of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the amounts of GS mRNA did not increase over that in roots. These experiments, together with the time course of increase in GS mRNA transcripts, suggest that the genes encoding cytosolic GS are directly induced by the available ammonia.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center