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Mil Med. 2005 Nov;170(11):935-44.

Health effects in Army Gulf War veterans possibly exposed to chemical munitions destruction at Khamisiyah, Iraq: Part I. Morbidity associated with potential exposure.

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  • 1Veterans Health Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC 20420, USA.


In March 1991, U.S. troops detonated the Khamisiyah, Iraq, ammunition depot, possibly releasing two chemical warfare agents, sarin and cyclosarin. The long-term health effects associated with possible exposure to these chemical warfare agents are unknown. This study was undertaken to investigate whether possible exposure was associated with morbidity among Army Gulf War veterans using morbidity data for 5,555 Army veterans who were deployed to the Gulf region. Responses to 86 self-assessed health measures, as reported in the 1995 Department of Veterans Affairs National Health Survey of Gulf War Era Veterans, were evaluated. We found little association between potential exposure and health, after adjustment for demographic variables, and conclude that potential exposure to sarin or cyclosarin at Khamisiyah does not seem to have adversely affected self-perceived health status, as evidenced by a wide range of health measures.

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