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Br J Psychiatry. 2006 Feb;188:159-64.

Psychiatric morbidity among sentenced prisoners: prevalence study in Iran.

Author information

1
Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital, South Kargar Avenue, Tehran 13337, Iran. assadism@sina.tums.ac.ir

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Information on psychiatric morbidity of prisoners has almost entirely been based on research in Western countries and it is uncertain whether these research findings are applicable to other settings.

AIMS:

The primary objective was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iranian prisoners.

METHOD:

Through stratified random sampling, 351 prisoners were interviewed using the clinical version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders and the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version.

RESULTS:

The majority (88%) of prisoners met DSM-IV criteria for lifetime diagnosis of at least one Axis I disorder and 57% were diagnosed with current Axis I disorders. Opioid dependence (73%) had the highest prevalence among lifetime diagnoses, whereas major depressive disorder (29%) was the most common current diagnosis. Psychopathy was recorded in 23%. Prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders were significantly different among offence categories.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that a substantial burden of psychiatric morbidity exists in the prison population of Iran, with treatment challenges that appear to be different from those observed in inmates in Western countries.

PMID:
16449704
DOI:
10.1192/bjp.188.2.159
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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