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Am J Public Health. 2006 Jun;96(6):974-8. Epub 2006 Jan 31.

HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases among correctional inmates: transmission, burden, and an appropriate response.

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Abt Associates Inc, 55 Wheeler St, Cambridge, MA 02138-1168, USA.


Correctional inmates engage in drug-related and sexual risk behaviors, and the transmission of HIV, hepatitis, and sexually transmitted diseases occurs in correctional facilities. However, there is uncertainty about the extent of transmission, and hyperbolic descriptions of its extent may further stigmatize inmates and elicit punitive responses. Whether infection was acquired within or outside correctional facilities, the prevalence of HIV and other infectious diseases is much higher among inmates than among those in the general community, and the burden of disease among inmates and releasees is disproportionately heavy. A comprehensive response is needed, including voluntary counseling and testing on request that is linked to high-quality treatment, disease prevention education, substance abuse treatment, and discharge planning and transitional programs for releasees.

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