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Pediatr Rehabil. 2006 Apr-Jun;9(2):158-64.

Physical activity patterns in children with and without Down syndrome.

Author information

1
Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA. mwhitt@wfubmc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe physical activity (PA) patterns in children with Down syndrome (DS) compared to their unaffected siblings.

METHODS:

Children with DS (n = 28) and their siblings (n = 30), between 3-10-years (mean +/- SD 7.1 +/- 2.1 years) participated in a nutrition and growth study. PA was measured over 7 days using accelerometers.

RESULTS:

Children with DS were younger (6.6 vs. 7.1 years) and heavier (BMI 18.4 vs. 16.7 kg m(-2)) than their siblings (p < 0.05). Overall, participants accumulated 2.5 hours per day in moderate- (MPA) and 59 min per day in vigorous-intensity activity (VPA), consistent with the current PA recommendations for children. Children with DS accumulated less VPA than their siblings (49.5 vs. 68.6 minutes per day; p = 0.04) and for shorter bouts (2.5 vs. 5.1 minutes per bout; p < 0.01), but spent similar time in MPA and low-intensity PA. Analyses adjusted for age, sex, race, ethnicity, income, maternal education and BMI showed similar results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Children with DS participated in less total and sustained VPA and had higher BMI levels compared with their siblings. Because children with DS have a tendency toward childhood obesity, increasing participation in VPA may be appropriate for prevention of obesity and promotion of lifelong health.

PMID:
16449075
DOI:
10.1080/13638490500353202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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