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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2006 Feb 15;446(2):101-10. Epub 2006 Jan 11.

Generation of specific antibodies and their use to characterize sex differences in four rat P450 3A enzymes following vehicle and pregnenolone 16alpha-carbonitrile treatment.

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Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8020, USA.


The purpose of this study was to identify isozyme-specific antibodies and use them to determine the expression levels of four P450 3A enzymes in the livers of vehicle- and pregnenolone 16alpha-carbonitrile (PCN)-treated rats of both sexes, since previous work on mRNA levels has shown considerable sexual dimorphism. Using Western blot analysis with four isozyme-specific antibodies, we show that P450 3A1, 3A2, and 3A9 were expressed in vehicle-treated adult female rats at very low levels whereas P450 3A18 was not detected. PCN treatment of females strongly induced the expression of P450 3A1 in the livers with protein product increases of 214-, 3-, and 5-fold for P450 3A1, 3A2, and 3A9, respectively, and P450 3A18 was induced to 3.7 pmol/mg protein. In contrast, all four P450 3As were detected in livers of vehicle-treated males, in the order of 3A2 >> 3A18 > 3A9 approximately = 3A1. The protein product increases induced by PCN treatment of male rats were 92-, 3-, 6-, and 16-fold for P450 3A1, 3A2, 3A9, and 3A18, respectively.

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