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Eur J Public Health. 2006 Feb;16(1):78-84.

Neighbourhood non-employment and daily smoking: a population-based study of women and men in Sweden.

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1
Karolinska Institutet, Family Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To examine whether neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking after adjustment for individual characteristics, such as employment status.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study of a simple, random sample of 31,164 women and men aged 25-64, representative of the entire population in Sweden. Data were collected from the years 1993-2000. The individual variables included age, sex, employment status, occupation and housing tenure. Logistic regression was used in the analysis with neighbourhood non-employment rates measured at small area market statistics level.

RESULTS:

There was a significant association between neighbourhood non-employment rates and daily smoking for both women and men. After adjustment for employment status and housing tenure the odds ratios of daily smoking were 1.39 (95% CI = 1.22-1.58) for women and 1.41 (95% CI = 1.23-1.61) for men living in neighbourhoods with the highest non-employment rates. The individual variables of unemployment, low occupational level and renting were associated with daily smoking.

CONCLUSION:

Neighbourhood non-employment is associated with daily smoking. Smoking prevention in primary health care should address both individuals and neighbourhoods.

PMID:
16446302
DOI:
10.1093/eurpub/cki047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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