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Ir Med J. 2005 Nov-Dec;98(10):243-4.

Tonsillectomy--cold dissection vs. hot dissection: a prospective study.

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Department of Otolaryngology, The Children's University Hospital, Dublin 1.


Throughout the years, investigators and surgeons have developed new techniques for tonsillectomy aiming to lessen the postoperative morbidity and complications of tonsillectomy. It is generally accepted that the ideal method should decrease operative time, blood loss, postoperative haemorrhage and morbidity. To compare the technique and post-operative morbidity of two different tonsillectomy methods: cold dissection and bipolar electrodissection. A prospective study including a total of 545 children (Age: 3-16 yrs) undergoing tonsillectomy at The Children's University Hospital in Dublin, Ireland, from January 2003 to December 2003. The incidence of primary, secondary haemorrhage and postoperative pain was compared between both techniques. The overall rate of haemorrhage was 3.6% (20 patients) this included primary haemorrhage in 0.3% (2 patients) and secondary haemorrhage in 3.3% (18 patents). Primary haemorrhage occurred only in the electrodissection technique. As regards to secondary haemorrhage it was higher in the electrodissection technique 2.3% (12 patients) compared to 1% (6 patients) of the cold dissection technique. Patients rated pain to be more severe in the electrodissection technique compared to the cold dissection technique. Cold dissection tonsillectomy technique is still considered to be a safe and effective method with less posoperative morbidity complications as evidenced from our study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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