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Diabetes Care. 2006 Feb;29(2):300-5.

Altered D-chiro-inositol urinary clearance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1H 5N4, Canada. jp.baillargeon@usherbrooke.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Evidence suggests that some actions of insulin are effected by inositolphosphoglycan (IPG) mediators. We hypothesize that a deficiency in D-chiro-inositol (DCI) and/or a DCI-containing IPG (DCI-IPG) may contribute to insulin resistance in humans.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

To assess this possibility in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), we determined insulin sensitivity (Si by frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test), plasma and urinary DCI and myo-inositol (MYO) levels (by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry), and the release of insulin and DCI-IPG during the oral glucose tolerance test (area under the curve [AUC]) in 23 women with PCOS and 26 normal women.

RESULTS:

Women with PCOS were heavier than control subjects (P = 0.002 for BMI), but also had decreased Si (P < 0.001) and increased AUC(insulin) (P < 0.001) compared with normal women, even when corrected for BMI. The urinary clearance of DCI (uCl(DCI)) was increased almost sixfold in PCOS compared with normal women (P = 0.001), but not MYO clearance (P = 0.10). uCl(DCI) correlated inversely with Si when all women were analyzed together (n = 49, r = -0.50, P < 0.001) and was one of the three best independent parameters predicting Si. Finally, the ratio of AUC(DCI-IPG) to AUC(insulin) was decreased threefold in women with PCOS (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

uCl(DCI) is inversely correlated with insulin sensitivity in women and is a strong independent predictor of insulin resistance in multivariate models. PCOS, which is characterized by insulin resistance, is associated with a selective increase in uCl(DCI) and impaired DCI-IPG release in response to insulin. These findings are consistent with a defect in tissue availability or utilization of DCI in PCOS that may contribute to the insulin resistance of the syndrome.

PMID:
16443877
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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